The skin of the children difers from the adult skin due to the immaturity of the immune system and the difference of the response to the different extrinsic and intrinsic factors.
The most common child diseases are atopic dermatitis and eczema, pityriasis alba, seborrhoic dermatitis, viral infections (warts, molusca) and bacterial infections (staphylococcal, streptococcal) and fungal infections.
Other skin diseases that can appear in children are psoriasis, vitiligo, congenital melanocytic naevi and spitz naevi, haemangiomas and hairloss (alopecia areata, telogen effluvium).
In teenagers almost all the skin diseases that are diagnosed in adults can appear.
The treatments in children are adopted according to their age and the international guidelines.